What London’s mayor really said about terror attacks and big cities

AAP FactCheck December 20, 2019

The Statement

A Facebook post highlights a quote by London Mayor Sadiq Khan on terror attacks being ÔÇ£part and parcel of living in a big cityÔÇØ and makes a comparison with the Japanese capital Tokyo. 

The November 30 post by an Australian user shows a picture of Mr Khan and an aerial view of Tokyo. In the first photo the text reads, ÔÇ£Terror attacks are ÔÇÿpart and parcel of living in a big city’ÔÇØ and in the second photo it lists, ÔÇ£Tokyo: Population 13.62 million. – Biggest City In The World. No Islamic TerrorismÔÇØ. 

The post has been shared more than 600 times and attracted more than 40 reactions. 

A Facebook post highlights a quote by London Mayor Sadiq Khan on terror attacks and compares it with Tokyo.

The Analysis

The genesis of the Facebook post dates back to September 18, 2016 when London Mayor Sadiq Khan was quoted by London’s Evening Standard in response to an explosion in New York that injured 29 people. 

In a video for a story headlined, ÔÇ£New York explosion: Sadiq Khan says terror attacks are ‘part and parcel of life in a big city’ÔÇØ, Mr Khan said: ÔÇ£Part and parcel of living in a great global city is you’ve got to be prepared for these things, you’ve got to be vigilant, you’ve got to support the police doing an incredibly hard job, you got to support the security services.ÔÇØ 

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo labelled the Chelsea district blast ÔÇ£an act of terrorismÔÇØ

London Mayor Sadiq Khan was quoted in response to an explosion in New York that injured 29 people in 2016. 

A paraphrased version of Mr Khan’s quote was published by The Independent on September 22, 2016. The story’s opening two paragraphs read: ÔÇ£Sadiq Khan has said he believes the threat of terror attacks are ÔÇ£part and parcel of living in a big cityÔÇØ and encouraged Londoners to be vigilant to combat dangers. 

ÔÇ£The Mayor of London revealed he had a ÔÇ£sleepless nightÔÇØ after the recent bombing in New York, and said major cities around the world ÔÇ£have got to be prepared for these sorts of thingsÔÇØ to happen when people least expect them.ÔÇØ 

On March 22, 2017, Mr Khan’s quote was tweeted by Donald Trump Jr with the comment: ÔÇ£You have to be kidding me?!: Terror attacks are part of living in big city (sic), says London Mayor Sadiq KhanÔÇØ. 

Many publications, including Time magazine, labelled Trump Jr’s comments as ÔÇ£misleadingÔÇØ. Time said Mr Khan ÔÇ£did not imply that terrorism is a part of everyday life in big cities – he said that preparedness is ÔÇ£part and parcel of living in a big city’.ÔÇØ

Mr Khan’s quote gained another airing on ABC TV’s Q&A program in March 2017. The ABC was criticised for not correcting a question which was: ÔÇ£In the wake of the London terror attack in Westminster, the mayor of London, Mr Sadiq Khan, stated that terror attacks are now ÔÇÿpart and parcel’ of living in a big city, expressing a need to be vigilant. Sydney is a booming metropolitan capital, with a population of 5 million Australians with diverse backgrounds and cultures. Is Mr Khan right? And do Sydneysiders and residents of other major Australian cities need to accept terrorism as an inevitable part of modern life?ÔÇØ

The post’s claim that Tokyo is ÔÇ£the biggest city in the worldÔÇØ was supported by a United Nations publication titled, ÔÇÿ2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects’ but the population figure of 13.6 million was not. 

Under a subheading ÔÇÿCities ranking and mega cities’, the UN publication says: ÔÇ£Tokyo is the world’s largest city with an agglomeration of 37 million inhabitants, followed by New Delhi with 29 million, Shanghai with 26 million, and Mexico City and S├úo Paulo, each with around 22 million inhabitants ÔǪ By 2020, Tokyo’s population is projected to begin to decline, while Delhi is projected to continue growing and to become the most populous city in the world around 2028.ÔÇØ 

Population Stat, using World Bank, United Nations, Census and GeoNames data, lists Tokyo’s population in the urban area at 37.4 million and for the city area 8.3 million as of July 9, 2019.

The post’s final claim, that there is ÔÇ£No Islamic TerrorismÔÇØ in Tokyo checks out. AAP FactCheck was unable to evidence of an Islamic terror attack in Tokyo.  

The Global Terrorism Database lists 403 terror incidents for Japan from 1970 to 2018. Under the column ÔÇ£Perpetrator GroupÔÇØ there are no listings for Islamic terrorists for incidents in Tokyo. 

The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) documents more than 190,000 international and domestic terrorist attacks that occurred worldwide since 1970. The database is part of the US-based National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism which is headquartered at the University of Maryland

The Verdict

Based on the evidence, AAP FactCheck found the Facebook post to be partly false. The post features a misquote of London Mayor Sadiq Khan from September 2016. There is evidence to support the claims that Tokyo’s is the world’s largest city and that there have been no Islamic terror attacks in the Japanese capital, however the city’s population statistic is not correct.

Partly False – The claim of the content is a mixture of accurate and inaccurate, or the primary claim is misleading or incomplete.

First published December 20, 2019, 11:26 AEDT

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